Herzl is sent to Paris as a reporter for the Austrian liberal newspaper Neue Freie Presse. He remains in Paris until July 1895. During his time there Herzl is exposed to various forms of anti-Semitism and begins to conceive of different ways to resolve the Jews’ distress.
In October, a Jewish officer, Alfred Dreyfus, is accused of spying against his country. Herzl reports on the trial for his paper in Vienna. As part of his job Herzl was present in the courtroom when Dreyfus was found guilty and was sentenced to life imprisonment, and was also present during the public ceremony when Dreyfus had his captain’s rank ripped from his uniform. He heard the French mobs cry out “Death to the traitor!” and “Death to the Jews!”
º The first office of the Jewish Colonial Trust is founded in London, as an instrument for Zionist economic and political activity. º The Jewish National Fund is established as a national fund whose goal is to purchase land in Eretz Israel using money raised by the Jewish people.
Publication of Herzl’s novel, Altneuland, in which Herzl envisions the Jewish State as it would be in 1923. Herzl meets with the Turkish Sultan Abd al-Hamid in order to obtain permission for Jews to come and settle in Eretz Israel and Syria.